Plotting Neural Network Training Curves

This is a basic example using a convolutional recurrent neural network to learn segments directly from time series data

# Author: David Burns
# License: BSD

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
from tensorflow.python.keras.layers import Dense, LSTM, Conv1D
from tensorflow.python.keras.models import Sequential
from tensorflow.python.keras.wrappers.scikit_learn import KerasClassifier
from pandas import DataFrame
from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split

from seglearn.datasets import load_watch
from seglearn.pipe import Pype
from seglearn.transform import Segment

Simple NN Model

def crnn_model(width=100, n_vars=6, n_classes=7, conv_kernel_size=5,
               conv_filters=3, lstm_units=3):
    input_shape = (width, n_vars)
    model = Sequential()
    model.add(Conv1D(filters=conv_filters, kernel_size=conv_kernel_size,
                     padding='valid', activation='relu', input_shape=input_shape))
    model.add(LSTM(units=lstm_units, dropout=0.1, recurrent_dropout=0.1))
    model.add(Dense(n_classes, activation="softmax"))

    model.compile(loss='categorical_crossentropy', optimizer='adam',

    return model


# load the data
data = load_watch()
X = data['X']
y = data['y']

# split the data
X_train, X_test, y_train, y_test = train_test_split(X, y, test_size=0.25, random_state=42)

# create a segment learning pipeline
pipe = Pype([('seg', Segment(width=100, step=100, order='C')),
             ('crnn', KerasClassifier(build_fn=crnn_model, epochs=4, batch_size=256,
                                      verbose=0, validation_split=0.2))])


/home/circleci/miniconda/envs/testenv/lib/python3.7/site-packages/sklearn/ FutureWarning: From version 0.24, get_params will raise an AttributeError if a parameter cannot be retrieved as an instance attribute. Previously it would return None.

Accessing training history

# this is a bit of a hack, because history object is returned by the
# keras wrapper when fit is called
# this approach won't work with a more complex estimator pipeline, in which case
# a callable class with the desired properties should be made passed to build_fn, y_train)
history = pipe.history.history

# depends on version
if 'accuracy' in history:
    ac_train = history['accuracy']
    ac_val = history['val_accuracy']
elif 'acc' in history:
    ac_train = history['acc']
    ac_val = history['val_acc']
    raise ValueError("History object doesn't contain accuracy record")

epoch = np.arange(len(ac_train)) + 1


       loss  ...  val_accuracy
0  1.960427  ...      0.064426
1  1.953611  ...      0.067227
2  1.948920  ...      0.061625
3  1.942050  ...      0.056022

[4 rows x 4 columns]

Training Curves

plt.plot(epoch, ac_train, 'o', label="train")
plt.plot(epoch, ac_val, '+', label="validation")

Total running time of the script: ( 2 minutes 8.181 seconds)

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